The work revolves around the concepts and processes of Becoming and Individuation through a hybrid ecosystem whose architecture is called Qatipana (Quechua word that means flow, sequence, transmission), is an hybrid ecosystem of information flow which, even though not the kind of dispositive systems theory was designed to read, offers some valuable empirical insights to test some key aspects of Simondon’s information processing systems; this research aims to observe a algorithmic cycle performed by the cognitive system of an Artificial Intelligence agent observing a living ecosystem.
This project considers cybernetization processes as a generalized ecology concerned with life and the production, exchange and consumption of meaning. We therefore believes that cybernetization can lay the foundation for an ecological explanation that examines how signs are communicated and how meaning is produced and experienced within ecological systems. This third-order cybernetics extends beyond the original reach of living organisms and their environments to ecologies of ideas, power, institutions, media, etc. In this sense, cybernetization would be radically environmental, since it postulates the primacy of relationships over fixed terms, binary oppositions, and linear logics.
We use the term hybrid ecologies to critically evaluate the historical and political dimensions of a "universality" of technology in the Latin American context and suggests that a homeotechnological conversion of the human noosphere and technosphere around the Earth, and thus of the institution of a co-operative and co-productive relation of both anthropospheres with the biosphere, might eventually lead to the explication or unconcealing – here meant in the quasi-Heideggerian sense of the term – of a “hybrid-Earth” that is capable of much more than we can now imagine from our still allotechnologically programmed perspective, i.e., a homeotechnologized Earth whose capacities might very well be multiplied to an unimaginable extent (Pieter Lemmens and Yuk Hui 2017).
In the artificial agent Qatipana, phenomenological observation at the bottom-up level is a fundamental relational coordination for the construction of the Umwelt of each organism at a given moment, as well as the tunnel formed by the sum of its successive vital moments, what Uexküll calls tunnel of life, is fixed and is not subject to change. Understood as an alternative to this ontogenetic explanation, the concept of the symbiotic body in Qatipana can be seen as the transduction of the organism and the machinic environment, this symbiosis provides a better original (technical) complementary model for the precise reason that it invests in the creativity of the incarnation.
We argue that while digital and network technologies initially seemed to offer new hope for the reorganization of work - exemplified by the free software movement - the subsequent rise of smartphones and social media appears to have turned these hopes into lost illusions: network effects and algorithmic platforms are hegemonic. Unless something completely unlikely happens, this dystopian trend seems set to continue.
Qatipana shows as a form of creative and technological individuation (Simondon, 1958), in turn, that the concept of nature must be integrated together with the process of a dynamic world by which everything arises: technology, living beings, individuals, groups and thoughts.
Art and Cosmotechnics
Therefore, instead of assuming that technical and living evolution face each other extrinsically, Qatipana bets everything on the intrinsic correlation of the that the concept of technology must be integrated together with the concepts of Cosmopolitics and Cosmotechnics (Hui, On Cosmotechnics. 2017) as a reconciliation between the universal and the particular; between nature, politics and technique.
Qatipana is a work of art that intersects with the biological organic and the mechanical organic, and thus falls into this new classification of “hybrid ecology”. This notion resonates with Stiegler's understanding that humans and machines are interdependent organs of a larger evolutionary process, the overall change of which has resulted in the separation of human evolution from biological bias and an attachment to the technical and furthermore, that the technique itself has undergone a process of evolution. The work tries to recreate and integrate the spaces of relations between technological time and living time as a current ecological constitution.
PhD in Philosophy from the University of Paris VIII, France
PhD in Mathematical Biology from the University of Alberta, Canada
PhD in Interdisciplinary Studies from University of Valparaiso, Chile
FabLab UV General Coordinator Faculty of Engineering University of Valparaiso, Chile
Computer Civil Engineering Student University of Valparaiso, Chile
"Filinich, R., & Chibey, T. J. (2020). Becoming and Individuation on the Encounter between Technical Apparatus and Natural System. M/C Journal, 23(4). https://doi.org/10.5204/mcj.1651"
"Filinich Orozco, R., & Chibey Rivas, T. (2020). QATIPANA: Processes of Individuation on the Relationship Between Art, Machine and Natural Systems. Critical Hermeneutics, 4(1), 65-88. https://doi.org/10.13125/CH/4320"
"Filinich Orozco, R., & Maulen de los Reyes, D. (2021). Qatipana: Towards a Becoming of Latin American Cosmotechnics. Technophany, Futuros Locales/Local Futures, 1(3). ISSN 2773-0875"
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